Latest results: Reverberi, Pischedda, Burigo & Cherubini, 2012

Carlo Reverberi, Doris Pischedda, Michele Burigo, and Paolo Cherubini have discovered that when people are given information such as,  ‘If there is a 3 then there is an 8. There is a 3’ they make the simple modus ponens inference ‘therefore there is an 8’...

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Latest results: Orenes & Johnson-Laird 2012

Isabel Orenes and Phil Johnson-Laird have discovered that people do not tend to accept ‘paradoxical’ inferences. Their experiments examined the ‘paradoxes of material implication’ such as the inference ‘Lucia didn’t wear the shoes. Therefore, If Lucia wore...

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Latest results: Ferrante, Girotto, Straga & Walsh 2012

Donatella Ferrante, Vittorio Girotto, Marta Stragà, and Clare Walsh have discovered that people focus on different aspects of an event when they imagine the way it could turn out differently in the future, compared to when they...

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Phil Johnson-Laird becomes Professor Emeritus

Phil Johnson-Laird retired on July 1st and assumed an Emeritus position. He is currently a Visiting Scholar at the Department of Psychology at New York University.

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Latest results: Roca, Castro, Bueno, & Moreno-Ríos 2012

Javier Roca, Cándida Castro, Mercedes Bueno and Sergio Moreno-Ríos have discovered that drivers construct different mental models of the events and objects that surround them as they interact with the road environment when they make inferences based...

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Theory of how reasoners estimate probabilities of unique events in press

PLOS ONE will publish a new model-based theory of how reasoners make estimates of unique probabilities, e.g., the probability that Obama will win the 2012 election.

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Latest results: Juhos, Quelhas & Johnson-Laird 2012

Csongor Juhos, Cristina Quelhas , and Phil Johnson-Laird have discovered that the  inferences people make reflect their assumptions about whether the conclusion pertains to past, present or future events. They report their results in the article ‘Temporal...

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Latest results: Khemlani & Johnson-Laird 2012

Sangeet Khemlani and Phil Johnson-Laird have discovered that when people create  explanations for logical inconsistencies, they subsequently fail to detect them. They report their results in ‘Hidden conflicts: Explanations make inconsistencies harder to detect’ (Acta Psychologica, 2012, ...

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Mental models website: Updated!

The information in this blog originates from the Mental Models Website developed initially in the late 1990’s. It aims to provide an introduction to the psychological theory that people reason by constructing mental models.  It also contains...

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Mental models symposia at the International Conference on Thinking

Ruth Byrne organized two symposia on mental models at the International Conference on Thinking, London, July 2012.

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