Ruth Byrne awarded the Royal Irish Academy’s Gold Medal

For her groundbreaking contributions to cognitive science and the psychology of reasoning, Ruth Byrne was awarded a Gold Medal from the Royal Irish Academy. Congratulations to Ruth on this fantastic honor! A video of the ceremony is...

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Poetry, emotions, and mental models

Phil Johnson-Laird and Keith Oatley describe how semantics, prosodic cues, and knowledge help individuals simulate mental models from poetic text. Their latest paper in Acta Psychologica presents a overarching theory of how poetry yields models that produce basic emotions, and...

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“Simulation” theory of abstract art

Phil Johnson-Laird and Keith Oatley propose a new account in Art and Perception of how simulations underlie the perception of emotions for abstract artwork. They argue people mentally simulate actions and gestures corresponding to emotional states, and that...

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Recursion in programs, thought, and language

Phil Johnson-Laird, along with his collaborators Monica Bucciarelli, Robert Mackiewicz, and myself, published a paper in Psychonomic Bulletin & Review that reviewed research into how humans consciously reason about recursive operations. Though the term “recursion” is often used by...

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M&C paper on negating counterfactual and semifactual conditionals

Orlando Espino, Isabel Orenes, and Sergio Moreno-Ríos recently investigated how people comprehend the negation of two distinct types of conditionals — counterfactuals and semifactuals — and published their results in Memory & Cognition. Their work shows that, like indicative...

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Dames et al. investigate the stability of syllogistic reasoning in T&R

Hannah Dames, Karl Christoph Klauer, and Marco Ragni published a paper in Thinking & Reasoning about the stability of syllogistic reasoning, i.e., how performance changes from one test to another. They find that reasoning ability isn’t inherently...

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New paper on negation and counterfactual reasoning out in Current Psychology

Jesica Gómez-Sánchez and her colleagues Sergio Moreno-Ríos and Caren Frosch recently published a new paper in Current Psychology on how counterfactual reasoning interacts with thinking about negation. They find that both children and adults construct counterfactuals that serve as...

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Reasoning with counterintuitive and arbitrary conditionals

In recent years, arbitrary conditionals such as, “If a person goes shopping, then that person gets pimples”, have challenged many existing accounts of conditional reasoning. Estefania Gazzo Castañeda and Markus Knauff recently published new data shedding light...

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Isabel Orenes on perceiving negations

Isabel Orenes published a new paper in the Journal of Psycholinguistic Research on how people perceive negative sentences. She reports on eye-tracking data that suggest that people have an easier time processing symbolic representations rather than iconic simulations....

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Chapter on rational deductions in the Routledge Handbook of Bounded Rationality

Phil Johnson-Laird released a new chapter coming out in the Routledge Handbook of Bounded Rationality on the model theory and how it establishes principles of rationality. Here is an excerpt from the chapter: Can naïve individuals – those who...

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