Munroe on reasoning, rationality, and representation

In a new paper out in Synthese, Wade Munroe of the University of Michigan argues that mental models best characterize the mental operations that underlie reasoning and also help explain how to rationally update attitudes and beliefs....

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Suppressing inferences with counterfactual conditionals

Orlando Espino and Ruth Byrne report new studies in Cognitive Science about how counterfactual conditionals systematically suppress inferences. Here’s the abstract of their paper: We examine two competing effects of beliefs on conditional inferences. The suppression effect occurs for...

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Proving the consistency of the model theory

Phil Johnson-Laird developed a new informal proof of the consistency of the model theory of sentential reasoning (Khemlani, Byrne, & Johnson-Laird, 2018). Here’s a relevant introductory excerpt: is the model theory of sentential reasoning consistent in the...

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New paper about some possible relations between Cognitive Linguistics and the theory of mental models

The paper is written by Miguel López-Astorga in the Journal Studii de lingvistică. This is the abstract: Cognitive Linguistics is an important approach to language and cognition that gives relevant arguments and theses on topics related to...

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Children with reading difficulties make systematic errors in transitive reasoning

A new paper in Dyslexia by Elpida Panagiotidou, Francisca Serrano, and Sergio Moreno-Ríos shows that children with reading difficulties (RD), such as dyslexia, are subject to the visual impedence effect. Their abstract is available here: This study examined reasoning...

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Bibliometric analysis of mental models research in Cognitive Processing

Chilean researchers Arturo Cárdenas-Figueroa (University of Chile) and Alexis Olmedo Navarro (Andrés Bello University) recently published a bibliometric meta-analysis of mental models research in the latest issue of Cognitive Processing. The abstract of their paper is available...

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Wertheim and Ragni’s meta-analysis of neurocognitive mechanisms of reasoning

Julia Wertheim and Marco Ragni recently published a new meta-analysis of the neurocognitive correlates of syllogistic and conditional reasoning in the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. Here’s their abstract: Inferring knowledge is a core aspect of human cognition. We can...

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Bucciarelli and commenters discuss reasoning in the Italian Journal of Psychology

Monica Bucciarelli recently published a target article in the Giornale Italiano di Psicologia (the Italian Journal of Psychology) and many commenters were invited to respond. Her target article is titled “Imparare a ragionare… e continuare a farlo”...

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Researchers at Ecole Normale Supérieure investigate new fallacies with “might”

Salvador Mascarenhas and Léo Picat recently published a proceedings paper in Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT 29) in which they examined the functional properties of the word “might”, as in “It might be raining.” They present evidence...

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‘If’, ‘or’, and the possibilities they refer to: A new paper in JEP:LMC

Ruth Byrne and Phil Johnson-Laird published a new paper in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition that describes studies on the real and counterfactual possibilities that if and or refer to. The paper’s abstract is here: The theory of...

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