Dames et al. investigate the stability of syllogistic reasoning in T&R

Hannah Dames, Karl Christoph Klauer, and Marco Ragni published a paper in Thinking & Reasoning about the stability of syllogistic reasoning, i.e., how performance changes from one test to another. They find that reasoning ability isn’t inherently...

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New paper on negation and counterfactual reasoning out in Current Psychology

Jesica Gómez-Sánchez and her colleagues Sergio Moreno-Ríos and Caren Frosch recently published a new paper in Current Psychology on how counterfactual reasoning interacts with thinking about negation. They find that both children and adults construct counterfactuals that serve as...

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Reasoning with counterintuitive and arbitrary conditionals

In recent years, arbitrary conditionals such as, “If a person goes shopping, then that person gets pimples”, have challenged many existing accounts of conditional reasoning. Estefania Gazzo Castañeda and Markus Knauff recently published new data shedding light...

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Isabel Orenes on perceiving negations

Isabel Orenes published a new paper in the Journal of Psycholinguistic Research on how people perceive negative sentences. She reports on eye-tracking data that suggest that people have an easier time processing symbolic representations rather than iconic simulations....

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Chapter on rational deductions in the Routledge Handbook of Bounded Rationality

Phil Johnson-Laird released a new chapter coming out in the Routledge Handbook of Bounded Rationality on the model theory and how it establishes principles of rationality. Here is an excerpt from the chapter: Can naïve individuals – those who...

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Paper on free choice permissions, paradoxes, and disjunctive reasoning now out in JCP

Phil Johnson-Laird, Cristina Quelas, and Celia Rasga publised a paper in the Journal of Cognitive Psychology titled “The mental model theory of free choice permissions and paradoxical disjunctive inferences”. The paper addresses paradoxes of free choice, as in: You can...

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New paper on counterfactual thoughts about cooperation in social dilemmas

Stefania Pighin, Ruth Byrne, and Katya Tentori published a new paper in Thinking & Reasoning about how people think about how things could have turned out differently after deciding to cooperate or not in social games. Their paper is...

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López-Astorga et al. review the probability of conditionals in PBR

Miguel López-Astorga, Marco Ragni, and Phil Johnson-Laird present a new review on the probability of conditionals in Psychonomic Bulletin & Review: their analysis focuses on the psychological plausibility of the proposal that the probability of expressions such as if...

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Mental models symposia at the International Conference on Thinking 2021

At the International Conference on Thinking, we’ve organized two symposia on mental models in thinking and reasoning. The conference includes presentations by: Gordon Briggs Monica Bucciarelli Ruth Byrne Hillary Harner Philipp Koralus Robert Mackiewicz Isabel Orenes Marco...

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Strategies in social reasoning and on disconfirming belief in false claims

A pair of new papers from Henry Markovits’ laboratory at UQAM focus on reasoning strategies in everyday social contexts. In a new paper in JEP:G, Émile Gagnon-St-Pierre and colleagues show how individual differences in the ability to...

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