How children and adults keep track of real information when thinking counterfactually

Researchers at the University of Granada recently published a paper in PLOS ONE on how children and adults keep track of real information when they think about counterfactuals. The authors, who include Jesica Gómez-Sánchez, José Antonio Ruiz-Ballesteros,...

Read More

Espino and Byrne on counterfactuals, reality monitoring, and imagination

Orlando Espino and Ruth Byrne published a paper in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition on how people comprehend counterfactuals such as, “If it had been a good year, there would have been roses.” To...

Read More

The model theory explains how people reason about durations

A paper by Laura Kelly, myself, and Phil Johnson-Laird is now out in the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. It’s part of the journal’s special issue of Mental Models in Time, which was organized by Virginie van Wassenhove. The...

Read More

New theory on explanatory completeness

Joanna Korman and I recently published a paper in Acta Psychologica that introduces a new model-based theory on how people judge whether one explanation is more complete than another. The paper introduces both the theory as well as five...

Read More

Ragni joins the Danish Institute of Advanced Study

Congratulations to Marco Ragni, who will start at the Danish Institute of Advanced Study in August with a joint appointment at the University of Southern Denmark! He will continue to lead the Cognitive Computation Lab at the...

Read More

Munroe on reasoning, rationality, and representation

In a new paper out in Synthese, Wade Munroe of the University of Michigan argues that mental models best characterize the mental operations that underlie reasoning and also help explain how to rationally update attitudes and beliefs....

Read More

New research on factual and counterfactual conditionals

Orlando Espino and Ruth Byrne report two new papers on factual and counterfactual conditionals. In a paper now out in Cognitive Science, they show how counterfactual conditionals systematically suppress inferences. Here’s the abstract of their paper: We...

Read More

Proving the consistency of the model theory

Phil Johnson-Laird developed a new informal proof of the consistency of the model theory of sentential reasoning (Khemlani, Byrne, & Johnson-Laird, 2018). Here’s a relevant introductory excerpt: is the model theory of sentential reasoning consistent in the...

Read More

Ragni and Johnson-Laird ask: “Explanation or modeling?”

In the latest issue of Computational Brain & Behavior, Marco Ragni and Phil Johnson-Laird respond to recent criticism by Kellen and Klauer (same issue) about a meta-analysis of studies on the Wason selection task. Kellen and Klauer’s central points...

Read More

New paper about some possible relations between Cognitive Linguistics and the theory of mental models

The paper is written by Miguel López-Astorga in the Journal Studii de lingvistică. This is the abstract: Cognitive Linguistics is an important approach to language and cognition that gives relevant arguments and theses on topics related to...

Read More